Ankle Arthritis

Ankle Arthritis

This is the general wear and tear of the cartilage of the ankle joint

How is it caused?

Unlike hip and knee arthritis, the most common cause of ankle arthritis is following trauma (Post-Traumatic Ankle Arthritis). Therefore, it tends to affect patients at a younger age, usually around 50 years of age, but can also affect people in their 20’s and 30’s if the injury is severe enough.

Other causes of ankle arthritis include:

  • Rheumatoid Disease
  • Gout
  • Haemachromatosis
  • Haemophillia
  • Infection and Diabetes

What are the symptoms?

Pain, swelling, stiffness, deformity and limp are all signs that the ankle joint may be affected by arthritis, resulting in reduced mobility and chronic pain.

How is it diagnosed?

Clinical examination, X-ray, MRI and CT

How is it treated?

What can I do?

Keep active but avoid high impact activity on the ankles such as road running and where required use Pain killers.

Non-Surgical Treatment

It can be very challenging to treat young patients (under 50 years of age) with ankle arthritis.  Physiotherapy is really only of benefit in the very early stages.

Steroid Injections may in some cases help in managing the pain and to preserve remaining cartilage.

More established arthritis needs a proper biomechanical orthotic assessment (gait analysis), which can be extremely effective in controlling pain and allowing patients to go about their daily life

Surgical Options

‘Key Hole’ arthroscopic surgery is used to assess if the underlying joint surface can be stimulated using a technique known as ‘Nanofracture’.

PRP/ACP, BMAC (Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate) for cartilage regeneration and stem cell therapy may offer significant benefit, but long-term results are not yet fully known.

Ankle Fusion, usually this is performed arthroscopically with keyhole surgery where the two joint surfaces which generate the pain are removed and the joints are then fused together with screws.

Ankle replacement may ultimately be required, and our surgeons use the Infinity Total Ankle Replacement with Patient Specific CT Guide Prophecy system to ensure optimum placement of the artificial joint prosthesis.

When can I expect to be back to normal after surgery?

Your will be in and out for your surgery on the same day. Your surgeon will supervise an accelerated rehabilitation programmes in collaboration with your physiotherapist. You should be able to resume some normal activities in 4-6 weeks.
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Years of experience
Treating patients with Foot & Ankle problems
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Operations Performed
From bunion surgery to total ankle replacement
0 clinics
In Scotland & London
From bunion surgery to total ankle replacement
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