For some conditions and some patients, joint preserving or replacement surgery is not an option.

In the right paitent, joint fusions, (where the worn joint is removed and the two bones brought together to unite a one), removes pain, and enables a return to activity.

Recovery from fusion surgery ususally takes longer that replacement surgery as the ends of the two bones need time to knit together.

There are some things that are known to slow down the process; smoking, non-steroidal medication e.g. ibuprofen, and poor control of diabetes.

Post surgery, once the bones have healed, you are likely to require some alterations (usually minor) to your footwear, to enable you to walk more comfortably.